First there was IQ, or Intelligence Quotient. It is a controversial topic, because measuring intelligence is as complex as intelligence itself. Intelligence measurement is responsible for many intellectual injustices over the years, so we will leave that topic and move on swiftly.
Harvard University professor, Howard Gardner, made the point that:
ï¿½It is not how intelligent you are: it is how you are intelligent.ï¿½
In his 1984 book, ï¿½Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligencesï¿½, he articulates a theory that we have multiple different forms of intelligence. Initially, he identified seven types and then, in later editions of his book, eightdifferent ways that we can be intelligent. He acknowledges that there may be more and considers several candidates before concluding that, by the technical definitions of intelligence he derives at the start of the book, the status of others is yet to be demonstrated.
Gardnerï¿½s Eight Intelligences
In 1995, Daniel Goleman popularised the concept of Emotional Intelligence in his book, ï¿½Emotional Intelligence: Why it Can Matter More Than IQï¿½. He focused on work by Peter Salovey and John Mayer, who had grouped the Interpersonal and Intrapersonal skills into Emotional Intelligence, later referred to sometimes as EQ: Emotional Quotient. And then there were two.
Gardner considered and dismissed the case for spirituality as a discrete form of intelligence. However, it was championed in the early twentieth century by writers like Danah Zohar, with books like ï¿½Spiritual Intelligence: The Ultimate Intelligenceï¿½ and ï¿½Spiritual Capitalï¿½. Now we have SQ: Spiritual Quotient.
ï¿½ and More
The 6 Qs of Leadership
IQ ï¿½ Intelligence Quotient: how bright you are.
TQ ï¿½ Technical/Operational Quotient: how able you are to get things done.
MQ ï¿½ Motivational Quotient: how driven you are to achieve and grow.
XQ ï¿½ eXperience Quotient: ï¿½how many of the requisite kinds of experiences you have had.
PQ ï¿½ People Quotient: how well you handle yourself and work with others (sometimes referred to as EQ).
LQ ï¿½ Learning Quotient: how deftly you adopt new skills, behaviors and beliefs.
From ï¿½The 6 Qs of Leadershipï¿½ A blueprint for enduring success at the topï¿½, by Robert W. Eichinger, CEO and Michael M. Lombardo, Director of Research, Lominger Limited, Inc.
Interestingly, in their paper, they place XQ, Experience Quotient, at the heart of their model ï¿½ echoing my hypothesis that experience is an essential building block for wisdom. The Motivational and People Quotients reflect aspects of emotional intelligence, but what is truly new and interesting to me is LQ: Learning Quotient.
LQ is also identified in a model of ï¿½context-centred leadershipï¿½ developed by Lucy Povah and Kate Sobczak, of A&DC Inc. In their paper, ï¿½A Context Oriented Approach to Leader Selectionï¿½, they include IQ and EQ, and add values and drive, to give VQ and DQ. Their fifth core element of leadership is LQ, which they call ï¿½Learning Agilityï¿½.
They describe the ability to learn as ï¿½the ï¿½Xï¿½ factor in this dynamic and unpredictable business worldï¿½. Not just the business world, I think.
Growing and evolving are what will keep you fresh, expand your knowledge, and both widen and deepen the basis for your intuition. Your learning agility is an essential skill that will move you from smart to wise.
Here are ten ways to become good at learning.
1. be curious, be open to all experiences, and welcome all ideas
2. Follow those ideas and experiences up ï¿½ use them as springboards for more learning
3. Examine your experiences, reflect on what you learn, try out new ideas
4. Interrogate your mistakes and your successes alike
5. Ask questions: challenge what you think you know, challenge what others tell you, inquire into what you donï¿½t know
6. Talk to people, learn from them, ask them question, listen, and reflect on how what you learn is relevant to you
7. If you come across a gap in your knowledge, take it as an opportunity to research it
8. Do something with the things you learn: write them in a notebook, tell a friend, tweet them or write a blog.
9. Set aside time for learning: for reading, watching high quality television, social media, conferences, seminars, museums, magazines, newspapers, ï¿½
10. Be catholic in your tastes. Take an interest in anything and everything. It can all be relevant: your job is to figure out how.